Beech family (Fagaceae)
up to 30 m (99 ft)
The leaves of the Beech are ovate, sprouting bright green, later they become dark green and leathery. The foliage often adheres long. The leaf edges are slightly serrated. Buy European Beech
yellow – brown
Inconspicuous light brown flower that appears with the leaf shoots.
Spiky fruit capsule with two beechnuts. The beechnuts are slightly toxic.
The branches are gray-brown, bent back and forth and elastic. The light brown buds are long, narrow, pointed and protruding. Buy European Beech
The bark is silver-gray and smooth.
Heart-rooting plant with shallow widely branched roots. Roots are sensitive to soil compaction.
Sun to shade
sandy – loamy to loamy
slightly acidic to alkaline
parks, large gardens, hedge plant
As far as the European Ash, Plane, Boxwood, Poplar, Horse and Sweet Chestnuts, Holly, Hornbeam, Lime and Willow they are all very close in color all ranging from a pale/cream to a light golden brown at darkest.
As for the softwoods of Europe there’s Larch, Yew, Spruce, Western Hemlock, Silver Fir, and Douglas Fir. All of these softwoods grow in North America as well as Europe except the Silver Fir which is native to the UK and the Larch which grows in North and Central Europe and Russia. These woods tend to be used more for floorboards, plywood, decorative veneers, packaging, and basic construction; these softwoods are not near as durable as the European hardwoods are.